The Grand Failure: How Logistics of Supply Defeated Napoleon in 1812

In November of 1812, at the hamlet of Gara, Sergeant François Bourgogne admitted, “I am sure that if I had not found any horseflesh myself, I would have turned cannibal.” Bourgogne, a once dignified and proud member of the Imperial Guard, was brought to this macabre conclusion by the unfortunate events perpetuating Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. Bourgogne saw unprecedented death and destruction during the campaign.

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